Recent studies have shown that one out of every four babies born in the United States is born to unmarried parents who often live together. This raises difficult issues when the parents decide to separate. Do both parents have rights to the children? Which parent gets custody of the children?
In New York, both partners — provided that the court recognizes them as legitimate parents — can turn to the courts to pursue their rights to custody of the children.
While there is almost never an issue as to the identity of the mother — her identity is usually established in a hospital at birth and recorded in the birth certificate — identifying the biological father may not always be as cut and dried.
New York law presumes that the husband is the father of the child. An unmarried father does not benefit from such a presumption and may need to establish his paternity with the court. Paternity may be established in the court by a number of methods, including an acknowledgment of paternity or a petition for paternity.
Paternity cases become more complex when either the alleged father or the mother disagrees about the identity of the father. The parties may use evidence — including DNA or proof of the father’s involvement (or lack of involvement) in supporting and parenting the child — to prove that he is or isn’t the father of the child.
If the court finds that the alleged father is the actual father then it issues an Order of Filiation that legally recognizes the parent-child relationship. The order establishes custodial rights and creates an obligation to support the child.
Paternity is an increasingly a common matter to resolve before even reaching child custody issues. Contact a family law attorney for a consultation. We will help you with this and all of the other issues involved in pursuing your custody rights.
As a Buffalo divorce lawyer for 28 years, I have devoted myself to solving the problems that affect families throughout the Buffalo metropolitan area and Western New York. As a family law attorney, I make it my goal to create a partnership of trust with my clients. People put their trust in me to handle cases that can potentially have a long-lasting impact on not only their lives, but the lives of their family as well.
Alexandra M. Rockwood is an Associate Attorney with the Law Offices of Randy S. Margulis & Associates and has been with the firm since early 2020. She practices primarily in the areas of matrimonial and family law. Ms. Rockwood graduated magna cum laude from SUNY Geneseo with a degree in History and minors in Political…